“THE INS Contract Comes into Force”, URL: nzhistory.govt.nz/anzus-comes-into-force, (Department of Culture and Heritage), updated 26-Apr-2017 The resulting contract was concluded in San Francisco on 1 September 1951 and entered into force on 29 April 1952. The Treaty required signatories to recognize that an armed attack in the Pacific against one of them would endanger the peace and security of the others. It states: “The Contracting Parties shall consult together when one of them considers that the territorial integrity, political independence or security of one of the Parties in the Pacific is threatened”. The three nations are also committed to maintaining and developing individual and collective capabilities to resist attacks. [11] The U.S. experimental program to combat missile launches by “rogue states” or “states of concern,” known as the National Missile Defense (NMD), drew backlash from Russia and China, as well as from some U.S. allies, many of whom expressed fears that it would jeopardize the viability of the 1972 Anti-Missile Treaty (ABM) and that it would begin. a new arms race. (59) China, in particular, sees the shield as a threat to the credibility of its nuclear forces. The change of name of the NMD in missile defense seems to indicate an attempt to extend the value of the missile shield to allies and even other nations.