The repurchase consists of a share buyback, either on the open market or directly by shareholders. Unlike a mandatory withdrawal, the sale of shares to the company with a buy-back is optional. However, a refund is usually paid to investors by a premium embedded in the call price, which partially compensates them for the risk of cashing in their shares. A company can choose a buyout through a withdrawal for several reasons. If the stock is traded below the exchangeable share call price, the company can obtain the shares at a lower cost per share by buying them from shareholders through a share buyback. The company could offer an incentive to repurchase the shares at a higher price than the current market, but below the call price of the tradable shares. When a company issues a withdrawal, the tender price is generally lower or higher than the current market price, otherwise shareholders could suffer a loss. One company issued cashable preferred shares with a call price of 150 $US per share and decided to exchange a portion of them. However, the stock is trading on the market at $120. Company executives could choose to repurchase the shares rather than pay the $30 $US per share premium related to the repayment.

If the company is unable to find willing sellers, it can still use cashing as a back. Withdrawals are necessary when a company requires shareholders to resell part of their shares to the company. In order for a company to exchange shares, it must have established in advance that these shares are tradable or searchable. The exchangeable shares have a certain call price, that is, the price per share that the company is prepared to pay to the shareholder in the event of a withdrawal. The call price is set at the beginning of the share issue. Shareholders are required to sell the stock in the event of a commitment. Another reason for the acquisition of shares is the recovery of majority shareholder status obtained by the possession of more than 50% of the outstanding shares. A majority shareholder can dominate the vote and exert a strong influence on the management of the company. If a company wants to buy outstanding shares from shareholders, it has two options; it can buy or buy back the shares.

The number of shares outstanding may also affect the share price. A stock reduction would result in an increase in the share price due to the decrease in the available offer. Buybacks are made when a company that has issued the shares buys back the shares from its shareholders. In the event of a buy-back or repurchase, the entity pays shareholders the market value per share. In the event of a takeover, the company can buy the stock on the open market or directly from its shareholders. Share repurchases are a popular method of returning cash to shareholders and are strictly voluntary on the part of the shareholder. Companies can sometimes buy and sell shares like investors. If a company`s management feels that its shares are undervalued, it may choose to repurchase shares at the discount price. If the share price rises in the future, the company has the option of issuing shares at a higher price per share and profiting from the sale relative to the original repurchase price.

Conversely, if a company currently pays a dividend rate of 3% on outstanding shares, but has shares outstanding with a higher dividend rate, the company could cash in more expensive shares with the higher dividend rate. One of the advantages of issuing exchangeable shares is that it gives flexibility to a company when it decides to buy back shares at a later date. The amount of shares traded on the secondary market is always a concern of a company. This is due to the fact that the amount affects earnings per share (EPS). EPS is an indicator of a company`s profitability. Reducing shares outstanding on the secondary market increases EPS, making the company more profitable.